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Humanities 2019, 8(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/h8010001

Dalmatians and Dacians—Forms of Belonging and Displacement in the Roman Empire

Department of Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK
Received: 22 June 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 24 December 2018
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Abstract

Inspired by the catalyst papers, this essay traces the impact of displacement on existing and emerging identities of groups and individuals which were relocated to ‘frontier’ areas in the aftermath of conflict and conquest by Rome during the reign of emperor Trajan. The Dacian Wars, ending in 106 CE with the conquest of Dacia by Roman armies, not only resulted in the deliberate destruction of settlements and the society of the conquered, but also the removal of young Dacian men by forced recruitment into the Roman army, some serving the emperor in the Eastern Egyptian Desert. In turn, the wealth in gold and silver of the newly established Roman province of Dacia was exploited by mining communities arriving from Dalmatia. As a result of these ‘displacements’ caused by war and the shared experience of mining in the remote mountains of Dacia or guarding roads through the desert east of the Nile, we can trace the emergence of new senses of belonging alongside the retainment of fixed group identities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dacian Wars; Trajan; recruitment; Roman army; mining; Dacians; Dalmatians; identity; frontier; Roman Egypt Dacian Wars; Trajan; recruitment; Roman army; mining; Dacians; Dalmatians; identity; frontier; Roman Egypt
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Hirt, A. Dalmatians and Dacians—Forms of Belonging and Displacement in the Roman Empire. Humanities 2019, 8, 1.

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