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The Relationship between Children’s Aspiration Profiles and Self-Efficacy, Life Satisfaction, and Academic Achievement

Department of Law, Economics, and Cultures, University of Insubria, 22100 Como, Italy
Soc. Sci. 2020, 9(5), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9050077
Received: 28 March 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
Limited research in the psychology literature has addressed the specifics of children’s future orientations. Using a thematic approach, the present study investigates children’s personal aspirations for their adult lives via a questionnaire that addressed (1) the types of aspiration profiles present in a sample of 456 Italian students aged 8–13 and balanced for gender, and (2) how these profiles differ according to demographics, the number of aspirations, academic and social self-efficacy, life satisfaction, and academic achievement. Using cluster analysis, three aspiration profiles emerged, which include individualistic (focused on the possible future self), independent (concentrated on one’s own future family and independence), and social (focused on future friends and the family of origin). The independent profile demonstrated better overall psychological and academic adjustment than did the other two profiles. The article discusses the results of the study using the framework of self-determination theory in the context of Italian society. View Full-Text
Keywords: children’s aspirations; future orientation; self-determination theory children’s aspirations; future orientation; self-determination theory
MDPI and ACS Style

Bozzato, P. The Relationship between Children’s Aspiration Profiles and Self-Efficacy, Life Satisfaction, and Academic Achievement. Soc. Sci. 2020, 9, 77.

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