Cultural Immersion: A Trigger for Transformative Learning
1.1. Transformative Learning
1.2. Study Abroad Programs (SAP)
1.3. Global Service Learning (GSL)
1.4. SAP/GSL as a Trigger for Perspective Transformative Learning
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Participants
2.2. Data Collection
2.3. Data Analysis
3.1. Pre-Cultural Immersion Period
3.2. Cultural Immersion
If we had gone back to dorms, hotel rooms, or any other kind of stuff, the experience would not have affected us as deeply as it did. At least for me, it definitely wouldn’t have, because you can shut it out, you can compartmentalize it, you can shut yourself off from it, but here, there was no getting away from it (Participant’s interview 2017).
I was raised in Mississippi in the South, I was raised in Mississippi, and so, I was raised very much in a bubble, the Southern bubble, then I went on this trip, and I saw how backward a lot of the things we do could be. You know that is what travel and going out of your comfort zone does. You can look at things from an outsider’s perspective and you kind of see yourself and the bubble you grew up in from a different lens (Participant’s Interview 2017).
I don’t know that I necessarily prepared myself emotionally because being an older person uh, and having lived on my own for a very long time, it was difficult for me to be kind of thrown into this like, here is an 8 × 8 room and you shared it with other people. (Participant’s interview 2017)
3.3. Post-Cultural Immersion
The experience opened me up to be able to see beyond stereotypes and lump sum generalizations. I realized that in the ways that truly, truly matter, humans are far more alike than they are different, we all want love, we all want peace, and we all are just trying to make a living for ourselves, the way people go about doing that, changes with different cultures (Participant’s interview 2017).
the world is so much bigger than just where we are, not just this space, this experience opened my eyes to how much is out there and how much we [participants] can see and experience and learn from other people, and their culture (Participant’s Interview 2017).
4. Discussion and Conclusions
Conflicts of Interest
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|Cultural Immersion Experience||Themes||Transformative Learning Outcomes Associated with Themes|
|Pre-Immersion Phase||Seek knowledge about the host community, mental anxiety, motivation.||Self: self-knowledge.|
Ontology: affective experience of life.
|Immersion Phase||Openness, readiness to learn from experience, willingness to engage with the host community, and rethink ways of knowing (education).||Epistemology: openness,|
utilizing extra rational way of knowing, critical assessment
Worldview: assumptions, attitudes, beliefs, new awareness, and understanding
|Post-Immersion Phase||Career choices expand understanding, and change in perceptions of self and others impacts decision-making skills||Behavior: action consistent with the new perspective, social actions, professional practices, skills|
Capacity: cognitive development,Ontology: ways of being
Self: view of self and others, and responsibility
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Onosu, O.G. Cultural Immersion: A Trigger for Transformative Learning. Soc. Sci. 2020, 9, 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9020020
Onosu OG. Cultural Immersion: A Trigger for Transformative Learning. Social Sciences. 2020; 9(2):20. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9020020Chicago/Turabian Style
Onosu, Oghenebruphiyo Gloria. 2020. "Cultural Immersion: A Trigger for Transformative Learning" Social Sciences 9, no. 2: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9020020