Next Article in Journal
Teaching Urban Sustainability: A Study Abroad Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Trust and Distrust: Listening to Children about Their Relationships with Professionals
Previous Article in Special Issue
Crime Prevention Effect of the Second Generation Crime Prevention through Environmental Design Project in South Korea: An Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Geographical Juxtaposition: A New Direction in CPTED

1
School of Design and the Built Environment, Faculty of Humanities, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2
Design Out Crime and CPTED Centre, 14 Michael St, Beaconsfield, WA 6162, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(9), 252; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8090252
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 24 August 2019 / Published: 3 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crime Prevention through Pro-Social Design)
This paper explores Oscar Newman’s Defensible Space (1972) concept of geographical juxtaposition (GJ) highlighting a significant lack of research within the criminological literature over the last 50 years. We argue the concept is a key foundation in understanding crime and crime prevention theories and in developing crime prevention strategies. Findings from a systematic review of the literature are presented to illustrate the paucity of research into geographical juxtaposition. We develop and extend the concept of geographical juxtaposition beyond that originally coined by Newman to include all immediate, local, distant, and remote environmental (physical) factors. Additionally, we demonstrate, by reference to practical criminological situations, the significant and extensive role of our revised concept of geographical juxtaposition. In particular, we point to the way that focusing on geographical juxtaposition identifies serious problems in many taken-for-granted assumptions in planning theory and practice. In exploring the concept of geographical juxtaposition, we highlight ten ways it can affect crime risks and six ways using geographical juxtaposition can benefit efforts to apply crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) more successfully when conducting a crime risk assessment. Finally, this paper briefly discusses four new CPTED principles, which emerge from our exploration of geographical juxtaposition. We identify new classes of CPTED methods and new ways of analyzing crime and offer the basis for new criminological theories. View Full-Text
Keywords: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED); geographical juxtaposition; new ideas; new directions Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED); geographical juxtaposition; new ideas; new directions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cozens, P.; Love, T.; Davern, B. Geographical Juxtaposition: A New Direction in CPTED. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 252.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop