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Soc. Sci. 2019, 8(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8020039

Positive Discrimination Policies and Indigenous-Based ECEC Services in Bogota, Colombia

Centre de Recherche Interuniversitaire Expérience Ressources Culturelles Éducation-EXPERICE, Université Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 25 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood and Society)
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Abstract

This article aims to present a few tensions and contradictions when implementing children’s rights using the case of three Casas de Pensamiento Indígena (CPI)—indigenous childcare services—in Bogotá. It questions global policies and local interpretations of early childhood education. Its main purpose is to find insights on what it means to attend to young children from minority groups. Could early childhood education and care (ECEC) services be reduced to ethnic backgrounds? In the struggle to deal with global, local, and community discourses, policy makers see positive discrimination not only as a way to justify their actions and their policies but also as a way to respond to the question of equity and diversity, regardless of equality. Therefore, this article highlights this discussion on positive discrimination as a way to intensify social inequality or reproduce inequalities at another level with a different name. Rancière’s dissertation on politics (Rancière 1998) and on the different meanings of politics and politique is used to understand the subtle relationship between equity and diversity. Considering all of this, it was decided to do fieldwork to comprehend the daily lives of CPI settings and the complexity of their formalization/institutionalization. The study highlights how CPI both differs from and is part of conventional services, and how indigenous caregivers and children face an institutional script that asks them to perform indigenism. View Full-Text
Keywords: performativity; indigenous children; ECEC services; institution scripts; early childhood policies; children’s participation performativity; indigenous children; ECEC services; institution scripts; early childhood policies; children’s participation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sanchez Caro, C.M. Positive Discrimination Policies and Indigenous-Based ECEC Services in Bogota, Colombia. Soc. Sci. 2019, 8, 39.

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