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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(11), 239;

The Rise and Fall of Adult Community Education in Portugal

Centre for Spatial and Organizational Dynamics (CIEO), University of Algarve, Gambelas Campus–Building 9, Faculty of Economics, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 30 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 15 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community Adult Education and Lifelong Learning)
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In this article, we intend to reflect on community education in Portugal. We analyse the background of the emergence of community education in the aftermath of the revolution of 1974, examine the main reasons that contributed to its dissemination, and identify its characteristics. We present a case study that illustrates both the rise and the fall of community education. The original investigation was a multiple case study. To gather information, we used non-structured interviews, informal conversations, observation, and document analysis. To continue the original investigation, we used biographical research, which allowed us to obtain more data on some of the key individuals and, at the same time, to improve our knowledge of the communities. Our results show that the period between 1985 and 2005 (roughly) constituted a very important period for community education. National phenomena, European funding programmes, and a notion of adult education that was very close to popular education aided civil society organisations to work with communities with interesting results in terms of social change. After 2005, changes in European social policy, neoliberalism affecting the power of civil society, and a new version of adult education (influenced by lifelong learning) partially caused the fall of community education. View Full-Text
Keywords: community education; adult education; lifelong learning; participation; popular education community education; adult education; lifelong learning; participation; popular education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Fragoso, A.; T. Valadas, S. The Rise and Fall of Adult Community Education in Portugal. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 239.

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