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Gender Differences in the Early Employment Outcomes of STEM Doctorates

Collaboration and Gender Equity among Academic Scientists

Department of Sociology, University of Massachusetts, Thompson Hall, 200 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Tobin Hall, 153 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Institute for Teaching Excellence and Faculty Development, University of Massachusetts, Goodell Building, 140 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts, Lederle Graduate Tower, 710 North Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria Charles and Sarah Thébaud
Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(1), 25;
Received: 26 September 2016 / Revised: 16 December 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 4 March 2017
Universities were established as hierarchical bureaucracies that reward individual attainment in evaluating success. Yet collaboration is crucial both to 21st century science and, we argue, to advancing equity for women academic scientists. We draw from research on gender equity and on collaboration in higher education, and report on data collected on one campus. Sixteen focus group meetings were held with 85 faculty members from STEM departments, separated by faculty rank and gender (i.e., assistant professor men, full professor women). Participants were asked structured questions about the role of collaboration in research, career development, and departmental decision-making. Inductive analyses of focus group data led to the development of a theoretical model in which resources, recognition, and relationships create conditions under which collaboration is likely to produce more gender equitable outcomes for STEM faculty. Ensuring women faculty have equal access to resources is central to safeguarding their success; relationships, including mutual mentoring, inclusion and collegiality, facilitate women’s careers in academia; and recognition of collaborative work bolsters women’s professional advancement. We further propose that gender equity will be stronger in STEM where resources, relationships, and recognition intersect—having multiplicative rather than additive effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaboration; gender equity; academic STEM careers collaboration; gender equity; academic STEM careers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Misra, J.; Smith-Doerr, L.; Dasgupta, N.; Weaver, G.; Normanly, J. Collaboration and Gender Equity among Academic Scientists. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 25.

AMA Style

Misra J, Smith-Doerr L, Dasgupta N, Weaver G, Normanly J. Collaboration and Gender Equity among Academic Scientists. Social Sciences. 2017; 6(1):25.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Misra, Joya, Laurel Smith-Doerr, Nilanjana Dasgupta, Gabriela Weaver, and Jennifer Normanly. 2017. "Collaboration and Gender Equity among Academic Scientists" Social Sciences 6, no. 1: 25.

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