Next Article in Journal
Cross-Border Governance: Balancing Formalized and Less Formalized Co-Operations
Next Article in Special Issue
The Social Constructedness of Resilience
Previous Article in Journal
Applying the Behavioural Family Therapy Model in Complex Family Situations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Coping with a Self-Induced Shock: The Heterarchic Organization of the London Olympic Games 2012
Open AccessArticle

Collaborative Resilience to Episodic Shocks and Surprises: A Very Long-Term Case Study of Zanjera Irrigation in the Philippines 1979–2010

by Ruth Yabes 1,† and Bruce Evan Goldstein 2,*,†
1
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, PO Box 875302, Tempe, AZ 85287-5302, USA
2
School of Environment and Sustainability, Programs in Environmental Design and Environmental Studies, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 8030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Oliver Ibert
Soc. Sci. 2015, 4(3), 469-498; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci4030469
Received: 1 November 2014 / Revised: 25 June 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 7 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Constructing Resilience, Negotiating Vulnerability)
This thirty-year case study uses surveys, semi-structured interviews, and content analysis to examine the adaptive capacity of Zanjera San Marcelino, an indigenous irrigation management system in the northern Philippines. This common pool resource (CPR) system exists within a turbulent social-ecological system (SES) characterized by episodic shocks such as large typhoons as well as novel surprises, such as national political regime change and the construction of large dams. The Zanjera nimbly responded to these challenges, although sometimes in ways that left its structure and function substantially altered. While a partial integration with the Philippine National Irrigation Agency was critical to the Zanjera’s success, this relationship required on-going improvisation and renegotiation. Over time, the Zanjera showed an increasing capacity to learn and adapt. A core contribution of this analysis is the integration of a CPR study within an SES framework to examine resilience, made possible the occurrence of a wide range of challenges to the Zanjera’s function and survival over the long period of study. Long-term analyses like this one, however rare, are particularly useful for understanding the adaptive and transformative dimensions of resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: Philippines; resilience; irrigation; collective; common pool resources; collaborative; social-ecological systems; surprise; shock Philippines; resilience; irrigation; collective; common pool resources; collaborative; social-ecological systems; surprise; shock
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Yabes, R.; Goldstein, B.E. Collaborative Resilience to Episodic Shocks and Surprises: A Very Long-Term Case Study of Zanjera Irrigation in the Philippines 1979–2010. Soc. Sci. 2015, 4, 469-498.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop