Next Article in Journal
Education for Sustainable Development and Children’s Involvement in Public Spaces. From Universalism to Places, from Rights to Capabilities: Some Evidence from a Research Project on the Regeneration of Public Spaces in Milan
Next Article in Special Issue
Radicalisation, Foreign Fighters and the Ukraine Conflict: A Playground for the Far-Right?
Previous Article in Journal
Labouring in the Sex Industry: A Conversation with Sex Workers on Consent and Exploitation
Erratum published on 27 May 2021, see Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(6), 198.

De-Radicalisation and Humanitarianism in Indonesia

Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK
School of Information Technology, Deakin University, Melbourne 3125, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Pickel
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(3), 87;
Received: 19 December 2020 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
Since 9/11, de-radicalisation programs have become central to every country that deems itself at risk from terrorist attacks from global terror groups such as ISIS. Consequently, many countries have implemented programs to “inoculate their Muslim populations” and de-radicalise and disengage those Muslims deemed radicalised through securitisation and “moderate Islam”. Such programs aim to persuade individuals to renounce extremist ideas and violence and adopt moderate Islam, often state-orientated Islam, as is the case in Indonesia. The Indonesian government and civil society organisations have attempted to address radicalisation by setting up counter-radicalisation and de-radicalisation programs, with various degrees of success. The central thesis of this paper is that de-radicalisation is not achievable, and the current programs in Indonesia are not effective. The paper will first critically discuss the concepts of radicalisation and de-radicalisation/disengagement. Then, the paper will critically assess the Indonesian de-radicalisation programs by focusing on their shortcomings and unintended consequences, which result in the labelling and stigmatisation of former detainees and their families and hinder their successful de-radicalisation and reintegration. In the final section, the author will suggest that the Indonesian government and civil society organisations need to introduce humanitarian activities to improve their programs and reduce the chances of recidivism. View Full-Text
Keywords: radicalisation; de-radicalisation; disengagement; Indonesia; ISIS; Asia; Islam; Muslims; terrorism radicalisation; de-radicalisation; disengagement; Indonesia; ISIS; Asia; Islam; Muslims; terrorism
MDPI and ACS Style

Ilyas, M.; Athwal, R. De-Radicalisation and Humanitarianism in Indonesia. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 87.

AMA Style

Ilyas M, Athwal R. De-Radicalisation and Humanitarianism in Indonesia. Social Sciences. 2021; 10(3):87.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ilyas, Mohammed, and Rayvinder Athwal. 2021. "De-Radicalisation and Humanitarianism in Indonesia" Social Sciences 10, no. 3: 87.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop