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Military Service and Offending Behaviors of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review

1
Department of Justice Studies, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA
2
National Police Foundation, 2550 South Clark Street, Suite 1130, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nigel Parton
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(2), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10020049
Received: 14 December 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Understanding Criminal Behavior and Young Adult)
Focusing on the United States, this paper examines the impact of military service for the cohort of individuals that have experienced the social factors that characterize emerging adulthood as a unique stage in the life course. We argue that military service, as a turning point, may act differently in contemporary times compared to findings from past research. This difference is driven by changes in military service, the draft versus volunteer military service, and the prevalence of emerging adulthood. As a background, we describe emerging adulthood, examine how emerging adulthood relates to crime and deviance, explore the impact of military life on young adults, provide an overview of the demographics of military service, discuss the influence and outcomes of military life on young adults, and explore existing research linking military service and deviant and criminal behavior. We develop a theoretical model of the relationship between military service and emerging adulthood and explore the impact on criminological theory and policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: military service; crime; deviance; emerging adulthood; youth crime; social bonds; turning points military service; crime; deviance; emerging adulthood; youth crime; social bonds; turning points
MDPI and ACS Style

Salvatore, C.; Taniguchi, T. Military Service and Offending Behaviors of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10020049

AMA Style

Salvatore C, Taniguchi T. Military Service and Offending Behaviors of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review. Social Sciences. 2021; 10(2):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10020049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salvatore, Christopher; Taniguchi, Travis. 2021. "Military Service and Offending Behaviors of Emerging Adults: A Conceptual Review" Soc. Sci. 10, no. 2: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10020049

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