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Article

Food Itineraries in the Context of Crisis in Catalonia (Spain): Intersections between Precarization, Food Insecurity and Gender

1
Departament Antropologia, Filosofia i Treball Social, Facultat de Lletres, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
2
Pere Tarrés Faculty of Social Education and Social Work, Universitat Ramon Llull, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jean Pierre Poulain
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(10), 352; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10100352
Received: 27 July 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 23 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Studies and Sociology)
This work analyzes the relationship between the precarization of everyday life and the increase in food insecurity in Catalonia (Spain). Based on an ethnographic analysis of the food itineraries of a group of people in a situation of precarity, this article examines their lived experiences under the pressure of having to meet daily food needs. The results show that gender differences are significant in terms of the strategies adopted, particularly in the forms of acquisition and preparation, places of consumption and support networks. Given that women are largely responsible for feeding the household, they are the ones most often managing the attendant difficulties. In situations where access to food depends on diverse and irregular sources, they engage in practices that both protect the family group’s basic need to eat and sometimes compromise their own health, eating less than is usual and/or sufficient, skipping meals or even, on occasion, going hungry. The study concludes that providing food involves a crucial set of knowledge and skills for social reproduction that is not incorporated into existing emergency programs, with specific actions to avoid gender inequality likewise being omitted. The article proposes that both issues be discussed and taken into account in health and social policy. This study analyzes a subject that has scarcely been addressed in Spain. The challenge in investigating food insecurity from a gender approach is not only to make visible the crucial roles of women in food security and their contribution to it but also to show how the process of precarization manifests itself unequally across households. View Full-Text
Keywords: crisis; poverty; food insecurity; social inequality; food assistance crisis; poverty; food insecurity; social inequality; food assistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gracia-Arnaiz, M.; Garcia-Oliva, M.; Campanera, M. Food Itineraries in the Context of Crisis in Catalonia (Spain): Intersections between Precarization, Food Insecurity and Gender. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 352. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10100352

AMA Style

Gracia-Arnaiz M, Garcia-Oliva M, Campanera M. Food Itineraries in the Context of Crisis in Catalonia (Spain): Intersections between Precarization, Food Insecurity and Gender. Social Sciences. 2021; 10(10):352. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10100352

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gracia-Arnaiz, Mabel, Montserrat Garcia-Oliva, and Mireia Campanera. 2021. "Food Itineraries in the Context of Crisis in Catalonia (Spain): Intersections between Precarization, Food Insecurity and Gender" Social Sciences 10, no. 10: 352. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10100352

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