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Synagogue Objects Related to Charity on Shabbat: Shnoder-Signs and Shnoder-Books in the Hungarian Lands

1
Institute for Minority Studies, Centre for Social Sciences, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
2
Department of Assyriology and Hebrew Studies, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1053 Budapest, Hungary
3
Jewish Theological Seminary, University of Jewish Studies, 1084 Budapest, Hungary
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synagogue Art and Architecture)
In Ashkenazi Jewish communities, it is customary to promise a donation to charitable causes after being called up to the Torah on Shabbat and on holidays—there is even a Yiddish term for it: shnodern. In our article, we will look at various synagogue objects related to this type of charity, focusing on Hungarian lands. First, we will look at signs and plaques, affixed to the bimah, which mention possible purposes for the charity. Second, since it is forbidden to make a note of, let alone fulfill the promise of a charitable donation on Shabbat, we will look at objects that show ways that these donations were recorded.
Keywords: charity; bimah; Torah-reading; shnoder-book; Hungary charity; bimah; Torah-reading; shnoder-book; Hungary
MDPI and ACS Style

Bányai, V.; Komoróczy, S.R. Synagogue Objects Related to Charity on Shabbat: Shnoder-Signs and Shnoder-Books in the Hungarian Lands. Arts 2020, 9, 63.

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