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Development of a CFD Model to Simulate Natural Ventilation in a Semi-Open Free-Stall Barn for Dairy Cows

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Buildings 2019, 9(8), 183; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9080183
Received: 27 June 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
Natural ventilation is the most common passive cooling system in livestock buildings. The aim of this research is to assess airflow distribution inside a free-stall barn for dairy cows by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling and simulation. The model is validated by using the average values of experimental data acquired in a free-stall barn, which is considered relevant because it is located in a region characterised by hot climate conditions during the summer that could induce animal heat stress. Simulations are carried out in steady-state conditions, and simulated data are validated by the average values of air velocity measurements. Since the modelled air velocity distribution in the barn fits the real one well, the CFD model is considered reliable to simulate other conditions. The application of the proposed CFD model in the simulation of specific building design alternatives could be aimed at studying the related airflow distribution in order to find the best configuration. View Full-Text
Keywords: computational fluid dynamics; livestock buildings; natural ventilation computational fluid dynamics; livestock buildings; natural ventilation
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Tomasello, N.; Valenti, F.; Cascone, G.; Porto, S.M.C. Development of a CFD Model to Simulate Natural Ventilation in a Semi-Open Free-Stall Barn for Dairy Cows. Buildings 2019, 9, 183.

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