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Healthy and Sustainable Hospital Evaluation—A Review of POE Tools for Hospital Assessment in an Evidence-Based Design Framework

Department ABC Architecture Built environment Construction engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Buildings 2019, 9(4), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9040076
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 27 March 2019
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Abstract

Hospitals are complex, high-performance systems that demand continuous quality improvement. Several instruments evaluate the organizational or clinical qualities but very few focus on the built environment. The purpose of this paper is to compare and review the recent tools able to assess the hospital built environment and test how they measure health, sustainability, or both through Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE). A literature review has been conducted in the field of hospital quality assessment and 13 POE instruments have been included and analyzed through Ulrich’s Evidence-Based Design (EBD) framework. The percentage and the content of health or sustainability-related criteria have been compared and further discussed. Health related criteria the most recent tools are used three times more than in the tools developed in the nineties. The most used EBD criteria are safety enhancement (n = 131; 14%) and visual environment (n = 119; 13%). Although sustainability remains a relevant issue, today, growing attention is dedicated to the impact of built environment on occupant’s health. Further investigation is needed to understand the effectiveness of those instruments in practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: evidence based design; post occupancy evaluation; assessment tool; hospital; built environment; quality evidence based design; post occupancy evaluation; assessment tool; hospital; built environment; quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Brambilla, A.; Capolongo, S. Healthy and Sustainable Hospital Evaluation—A Review of POE Tools for Hospital Assessment in an Evidence-Based Design Framework. Buildings 2019, 9, 76.

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