Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Relationship between Measurement Length and Accuracy within Steady State Co-Heating Tests
Next Article in Special Issue
A Human-Centered Approach to Enhance Urban Resilience, Implications and Application to Improve Outdoor Comfort in Dense Urban Spaces
Previous Article in Journal
Daylighting System Based on Novel Design of Linear Fresnel lens
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Buildings 2017, 7(4), 97;

How Green Do We Want to Live in 2100? Lessons Learned from the Homes of the Present-Day Rich

Department of Economic Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 July 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions and their Relation to Urban Resilience)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2658 KB, uploaded 24 October 2017]   |  


This study explores the extent to which rich Dutch households live green, in the form of green surrounding homes directly and nearby public green. The authors interpret this ‘greenness’ as a signal of how green the wider population wishes to live in the long-term as it grows wealthier over time. In our analyses of property transaction data on the 2009–2012 residential market, we focus on 2303 properties that sold for at least 1 million Euros, the ‘properties of the rich’. Results indicate that the rich live relatively green: on average, and depending on local degrees of urbanization, the parcels of million Euro properties are up to 7.0 times larger than parcels of lower priced properties. We find too, that the rich live closer to public green spaces than the more general population does, especially if such green is highly appreciated by a wide public. Furthermore, the rich are found to live in either very highly urban locations or in the least urban locations—if these are nearby cities. We perform basic long-term land-use forecasts of demand for residential space across local property markets, and findings suggest that preference for green living will increase over time. Our results especially show that how well these green preferences are accommodated by existing residential structures may become increasingly problematic as and if we grow wealthier over time. Our findings may foster long ongoing research and policy debate on urban planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban density; green space; residential property; long-term forecasting; millionaires urban density; green space; residential property; long-term forecasting; millionaires

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Daams, M.N.; Sijtsma, F.J. How Green Do We Want to Live in 2100? Lessons Learned from the Homes of the Present-Day Rich. Buildings 2017, 7, 97.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top