Next Article in Journal
Variation of Thermochromic Glazing Systems Transition Temperature, Hysteresis Gradient and Width Effect on Energy Efficiency
Previous Article in Journal
An Analysis of BIM Web Service Requirements and Design to Support Energy Efficient Building Lifecycle
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Buildings 2016, 6(2), 21;

An Investigation into Energy Performance with the Integrated Usage of a Courtyard and Atrium

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul 34437, Turkey
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cinzia Buratti
Received: 25 January 2016 / Revised: 21 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 17 May 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [4658 KB, uploaded 17 May 2016]   |  


Offices and retail spaces are among the most energy-intensive building typologies. Designing office buildings without proper consideration of their form, orientation, envelope, and other variables can lead to a considerable increase in energy usage. This research investigates how integrated usage of an atrium and courtyard can improve a building’s energy performance. Thermal performance of both atrium and courtyard spaces as well as their energy-efficient integrated usage in office buildings have been investigated within the scope of this research. DesignBuilder as an interface and EnergyPlus (based on ASHRAE, the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers) as analytical software have been used to investigate the thermal behavior of an atrium and courtyard in two stages. From the results it appeared that a courtyard with 40% window-to-wall ratio and triple glazing has the best energy performance, while those with single glazing and an 80% window-to-wall ratio represent maximum energy consumption in all climates. The findings also revealed that the integrated usage of a courtyard and atrium can save energy if it is used as a courtyard type of building during summer in all climates and if it is used as an atrium in the cold months. This research is original and will contribute to the literature, as it investigates the integrated usage of an atrium and courtyard with respect to energy efficiency. This research is expected to be beneficial to professionals and academics, especially with respect to the energy-efficient use of courtyards, atria, and their integrated modes. Furthermore, the findings can contribute to the sustainability performance of the built environment through an integrated atrium-courtyard building, resulting in minimal energy consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: courtyard; atrium; energy-efficient buildings; integrated design courtyard; atrium; energy-efficient buildings; integrated design

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tabesh, T.; Sertyesilisik, B. An Investigation into Energy Performance with the Integrated Usage of a Courtyard and Atrium. Buildings 2016, 6, 21.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top