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Buildings 2014, 4(4), 635-660;

Basic Research in Human–Computer–Biosphere Interaction

Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8568, Japan
Frontier Research Center for Energy and Resources, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2014 / Revised: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 11 September 2014 / Published: 29 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Architectural, Urban and Natural Soundscapes)
PDF [971 KB, uploaded 29 September 2014]


In this study, we present a vision of how a human–computer–biosphere interaction (HCBI) can facilitate a sustainable society. HCBI extends and transforms the subject of human–computer interaction from countable people, objects, pets, and plants into an auditory biosphere that is an uncountable, a complex, and a non-linguistic soundscape. As an example, utilizing HCBI to experience forest soundscapes can help us feel one with nature, without physically being present in nature. The goal of HCBI is to achieve ecological interactions between humans and nature through computer systems without causing environmental destruction. To accomplish this, information connectivity must be created despite the physical separation between humans and the environment. This combination should also ensure ecological neutrality. In this paper, we present an overview of an HCBI concept, related work, methodologies, and developed interfaces. We used pre-recorded animal calls to enable a bio-acoustical feedback from the target wildlife. In this study, we primarily focus on the design and evaluation of a bio-acoustic interaction system utilizing tracking collars, microphones, speakers, infrared cameras, infrared heat sensors, micro-climate sensors, radio-tracking devices, GPS devices, radio clocks, embedded Linux boards, high-capacity batteries, and high-speed wireless communication devices. Our experiments successfully demonstrated bio-acoustic interactions between wildlife—more specifically, an endangered species of a wild cat—and human beings via a computer system, thus validating the HCBI concept. View Full-Text
Keywords: human–computer–biosphere interaction (HCBI); nature conservation; nature interface; soundscape human–computer–biosphere interaction (HCBI); nature conservation; nature interface; soundscape

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kobayashi, H.H.; Matsushima, J. Basic Research in Human–Computer–Biosphere Interaction. Buildings 2014, 4, 635-660.

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