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Article

Guidelines to Calibrate a Multi-Residential Building Simulation Model Addressing Overheating Evaluation and Residents’ Influence

Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development (IOER), 01217 Dresden, Germany
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Buildings 2021, 11(6), 242; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11060242
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 27 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 5 June 2021
Can building performance simulation reproduce measured summertime indoor conditions of a multi-residential building in good conformity? This question is answered by calibrating simulated to monitored room temperatures of several rooms of a multi-residential building for an entire summer in two process steps. First, we did a calibration for several days without the residents being present to validate the building physics of the 3D simulation model. Second, the simulations were calibrated for the entire summer period, including the residents’ impact on evolving room temperature and overheating. As a result, a high degree of conformity between simulation and measurement could be achieved for all monitored rooms. The credibility of our results was secured by a detailed sensitivity analysis under varying meteorological conditions, shading situations, and window ventilation or room use in the simulation model. For top floor dwellings, a high overheating intensity was evoked by a combination of insufficient use of night-time window ventilation and non-heat-adapted residential behavior in combination with high solar gains and low heat storage capacities. Finally, the overall findings were merged into a process guideline to describe how a step-by-step calibration of residential building simulation models can be done. This guideline is intended to be a starting point for future discussions about the validity of the simplified boundary conditions which are often used in present-day standard overheating assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: building performance simulation; indoor overheating; model calibration; user influence; heat resilience; indoor monitoring building performance simulation; indoor overheating; model calibration; user influence; heat resilience; indoor monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schünemann, C.; Schiela, D.; Ortlepp, R. Guidelines to Calibrate a Multi-Residential Building Simulation Model Addressing Overheating Evaluation and Residents’ Influence. Buildings 2021, 11, 242. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11060242

AMA Style

Schünemann C, Schiela D, Ortlepp R. Guidelines to Calibrate a Multi-Residential Building Simulation Model Addressing Overheating Evaluation and Residents’ Influence. Buildings. 2021; 11(6):242. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11060242

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schünemann, Christoph, David Schiela, and Regine Ortlepp. 2021. "Guidelines to Calibrate a Multi-Residential Building Simulation Model Addressing Overheating Evaluation and Residents’ Influence" Buildings 11, no. 6: 242. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11060242

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