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Optimising Window Design on Residential Building Facades by Considering Heat Transfer and Natural Lighting in Nontropical Regions of Australia

1
School of Built Environment, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
2
School of Architecture & Built Environment, Deakin University, Geelong 3217, Australia
3
Departamento de Construção Civil, Escola Politécnica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2020, 10(11), 206; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10110206
Received: 4 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 17 November 2020
Windows account for a significant proportion of the total energy lost in buildings. The interaction of window type, Window-to-Wall Ratio (WWR) scheduled and window placement height influence natural lighting and heat transfer through windows. This is a pressing issue for nontropical regions considering their high emissions and distinct climatic characteristics. A limitation exists in the adoption of common simulation-based optimisation approaches in the literature, which are hardly accessible to practitioners. This article develops a numerical-based window design optimisation model using a common Building Information Modelling (BIM) platform adopted throughout the industry, focusing on nontropical regions of Australia. Three objective functions are proposed; the first objective is to maximise the available daylight, and the other two emphasize undesirable heat transfer through windows in summer and winter. The developed model is tested on a case study located in Sydney, Australia, and a set of Pareto-optimum solutions is obtained. Through the use of the proposed model, energy savings of up to 8.57% are achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-objective; optimisation; Revit; dynamo; Building Information Modelling; window design; window type; window position; window-to-wall ratio multi-objective; optimisation; Revit; dynamo; Building Information Modelling; window design; window type; window position; window-to-wall ratio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Z.; Hammad, A.W.A.; Kamardeen, I.; Haddad, A. Optimising Window Design on Residential Building Facades by Considering Heat Transfer and Natural Lighting in Nontropical Regions of Australia. Buildings 2020, 10, 206. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10110206

AMA Style

Chen Z, Hammad AWA, Kamardeen I, Haddad A. Optimising Window Design on Residential Building Facades by Considering Heat Transfer and Natural Lighting in Nontropical Regions of Australia. Buildings. 2020; 10(11):206. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10110206

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Zixuan; Hammad, Ahmed W.A.; Kamardeen, Imriyas; Haddad, Assed. 2020. "Optimising Window Design on Residential Building Facades by Considering Heat Transfer and Natural Lighting in Nontropical Regions of Australia" Buildings 10, no. 11: 206. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings10110206

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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