- freely available
Laws 2018, 7(4), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws7040032
2. Intersectionality, Domestic and Family Violence and the Quality of Policy
3. Specific Issues for CALD Victims of DV and FV (Family Violence)
A few interviewers with foreign language skills were trained for the Survey. Where a respondent required the assistance of another person to communicate with the interviewer (and an interviewer who spoke their language was not available), interviews were not able to be conducted.
experiences with multi-perpetrator family violence, and the impact of violence and abuse [is] exacerbated by immigration policy, visa status and the stressors of the migration experience.
4. Methodological Approach
5. Findings Concerning Intersectionality
5.1. Naming and Defining Violence Inclusive of CALD-Specific Types and Effects
5.1.1. The National Plan
5.1.2. ‘It Stops Here’
…any behaviour, in an intimate or family relationship, which is violent, threatening, coercive or controlling, causing a person to live in fear. It is usually manifested as part of a pattern of controlling or coercive behaviour.
An intimate relationship refers to people who are (or have been) in an intimate partnership whether or not the relationship involves or has involved a sexual relationship, i.e., married or engaged to be married, separated, divorced, defacto partners (whether of the same or different sex), couples promised to each other under cultural or religious tradition, or who are dating.
5.1.3. NSW Domestic Violence Death Review 2015–2017
5.1.4. Royal Commission
The Family Violence Protection Act defines ‘family member’ broadly. ‘Family violence can occur in any type of familial relationship’. It can include extended family perpetrators (State of Victoria 2016, p. 2). However, there is no inclusion of sexual, social and immigration-law related abuse.Family violence is a behaviour by a person towards a family member of that person if that behaviour is physically or sexually abusive; or is emotionally or psychologically abusive; or is economically abusive; or is threatening; or is coercive; or in any other way controls or dominates the family member and causes that family member to feel fear for the safety or wellbeing of that family member or another person; or behaviour by a person that causes a child to hear or witness, or otherwise be exposed to the effects of, behaviour referred to in paragraph (a).
5.1.5. Family, Domestic and Sexual Violence in Australia
5.1.6. Summary of Definitions Theme
5.2. Identifying Barriers to Accessing Support Services
5.3. Report Policy Solutions/Remedies
5.3.1. The National Plan
5.3.2. It Stops Here
5.3.3. The NSW Domestic Violence Death Review
5.3.4. The Royal Commission
5.3.5. Family, Domestic and Sexual Violence in Australia 2018
5.3.6. Summary of Report Policies/Solutions Focusing on CALD
6. Findings Concerning Culturalisation
In many cases, intersectionality is central to policy problem definitions, but it is not part of the policy solutions; intersectionality is important to the diagnosis of a problem, but not to the prognosis.
Conflicts of Interest
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