In this paper, the uniaxial loading–unloading–reloading (LUR) tensile test was conducted to determine the elastic modulus depending on the plastic pre-strain. To obtain the material parameters and parameter of Yoshida-Uemori’s kinematic hardening models, tension–compression experiments were carried out. The experimental results of the cyclic loading tests together with the numerically predicted response of the plastic behavior were utilized to determine the parameters using the Ls-opt optimization tool. The springback phenomenon is a critical issue in industrial sheet metal forming processes, which could affect the quality of the product. Therefore, it is necessary to represent a method to predict the springback. To achieve this aim, the calibrated plasticity models based on appropriate tests (cyclic loading) were implemented in commercial finite element (FE) code Ls-dyna to predict the springback in the roll forming process. Moreover, appropriate experimental tests were performed to validate the numerical results, which were obtained by the proposed model. The results showed that the hardening models and the variation of elastic modulus have significant impact on springback accuracy. The Yoshida-Uemori’s hardening represents more accurate prediction of the springback during the roll forming process when compared to isotropic hardening. Using the chord modulus to determine the reduction in elastic modulus gave more accurate results to predict springback when compared with the unloading and loading modulus to both hardening models.
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