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Open AccessArticle

The Effects of Laser Remelting on the Microstructure and Performance of Bainitic Steel

1
School of Mechanical, Electronic and Control Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering Research Center, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, 37 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191, China
3
Faculty of Material Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(8), 912; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9080912
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 20 August 2019
The surface of bainitic steel was remelted by fiber laser, and the microstructure and mechanical properties of the melted layer were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), a nanoindentation instrument, and wear equipment. The study of changing the laser scanning speed showed that the depth of the melted layer increases with decreases of the laser scanning speed. The wear-resistance property increased by 55% compared with the matrix and decreased with the reduction of laser scanning speed within a certain range. In the study of changing the laser-scanning space, the thermal effect of laser melting in the back channel on the front channel was further validated. At the same time, it was found that the solidified layer surface of hardness alternating with softness can be obtained by appropriately expanding the scanning space, which is conducive to improving the wear-resistant properties of the steel surface, and properly improving the production efficiency of the laser remelting treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser remelting; bainitic steel; melting layer; melting process; wear-resistant property laser remelting; bainitic steel; melting layer; melting process; wear-resistant property
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Yu, Y.; Zhang, M.; Guan, Y.; Wu, P.; Chong, X.; Li, Y.; Tan, Z. The Effects of Laser Remelting on the Microstructure and Performance of Bainitic Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 912.

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