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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Determination of Electronic Density and Temperature in Water-Confined Plasmas Generated by Laser Shock Processing

Department of Applied Physics, ETSIDI, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ronda de Valencia 3, 28012 Madrid, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, ETSII, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(7), 808;
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 9 July 2019 / Accepted: 19 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Shock Processing and Related Phenomena)
In this work, diagnoses of laser-induced plasmas were performed in several Laser Shock Processing (LSP) experiments using the Balmer Hα-line (656.27 nm) and several Mg II spectral lines. A Q-switched laser of Nd:YAG was focused on aluminum samples (Al2024-T351) in LSP experiments. Two methods were used to diagnose the plasma. The first method, which required two different experiments, was the standard for establishing the electronic temperature through the use of a Boltzmann Plot with spectral lines of Mg II and self-absorption correction. The Stark width of the Balmer Hα-line was used to determine the electron density in each of the cases studied. The second method had lower accuracy, but only required an experimental determination. Two parameters, the electronic temperature and the electron density, were obtained with the aid of the Hα-line in a single data acquisition process. The order of magnitude of the temperature obtained from this last method was sufficiently close to the value obtained by the standard method (within a factor lower than 2.0), which is considered to be important in order to allow for its possible use in industrial conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser shock processing; plasma diagnosis; electron density laser shock processing; plasma diagnosis; electron density
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Colón, C.; de Andrés-García, M.I.; Moreno-Díaz, C.; Alonso-Medina, A.; Porro, J.A.; Angulo, I.; Ocaña, J.L. Experimental Determination of Electronic Density and Temperature in Water-Confined Plasmas Generated by Laser Shock Processing. Metals 2019, 9, 808.

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