Synthesis of Nanosilica via Olivine Mineral Carbonation under High Pressure in an Autoclave
AbstractSilicon dioxide nanoparticles, also known as silica nanoparticles or nanosilica, are the basis for a great deal of biomedical and catalytic research due to their stability, low toxicity and ability to be functionalized with a range of molecules and polymers. A novel synthesis route is based on CO2 absorption/sequestration in an autoclave by forsterite (Mg2SiO4), which is part of the mineral group of olivines. Therefore, it is a feasible and safe method to bind carbon dioxide in carbonate compounds such as magnesite forming at the same time as the spherical particles of silica. Indifference to traditional methods of synthesis of nanosilica such as sol gel, ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method and hydrothermal synthesis using some acids and alkaline solutions, this synthesis method takes place in water solution at 175 °C and above 100 bar. Our first experiments have studied the influence of some additives such as sodium bicarbonate, oxalic acid and ascorbic acid, solid/liquid ratio and particle size on the carbonation efficiency, without any consideration of formed silica. This paper focuses on a carbonation mechanism for synthesis of nanosilica under high pressure and high temperature in an autoclave, its morphological characteristics and important parameters for silica precipitation such as pH-value and rotating speed. View Full-Text
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Stopic, S.; Dertmann, C.; Koiwa, I.; Kremer, D.; Wotruba, H.; Etzold, S.; Telle, R.; Knops, P.; Friedrich, B. Synthesis of Nanosilica via Olivine Mineral Carbonation under High Pressure in an Autoclave. Metals 2019, 9, 708.
Stopic S, Dertmann C, Koiwa I, Kremer D, Wotruba H, Etzold S, Telle R, Knops P, Friedrich B. Synthesis of Nanosilica via Olivine Mineral Carbonation under High Pressure in an Autoclave. Metals. 2019; 9(6):708.Chicago/Turabian Style
Stopic, Srecko; Dertmann, Christian; Koiwa, Ichiro; Kremer, Dario; Wotruba, Hermann; Etzold, Simon; Telle, Rainer; Knops, Pol; Friedrich, Bernd. 2019. "Synthesis of Nanosilica via Olivine Mineral Carbonation under High Pressure in an Autoclave." Metals 9, no. 6: 708.
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