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Metals 2019, 9(3), 335; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9030335

Enhanced Performance of Bimetallic Co-Pd Catalysts Prepared by Mechanical Alloying

Department of Applied Engineering, Safety and Technology, Millersville University, Millersville, PA 17551, USA
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Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 14 March 2019 / Published: 16 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Nanostructured Metals and Alloys)
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Abstract

Bimetallic catalysts can provide enhanced performance, and Co-based catalysts in particular have been studied in various respects for their activity in the deposition of carbon nanofibers (CNFs). The majority of studies on CNF catalysis use co-precipitation to create alloys, but recent work has demonstrated the suitability of mechanical alloying (MA) by ball milling to reduce cost and increase catalytic activity. This work establishes the unique ability of MA to control the microstructure to produce bimetallic composites, which retain distinct metallic phases that improve catalytic activity. It is demonstrated that Co-Pd alloys reach a maximum in catalytic activity at an intermediate time of mechanical activation, where 30 min of milling outperformed samples milled for 5, 15, 60, and 240 min at a reaction temperature of 550 °C and a 1:4 C2H4:H2 reactant ratio. This indicates there is benefit to retaining the metals in distinct phases in close proximity. Ball milling provides a relatively simple and scalable method to achieve these unique microstructures, and in the optimal condition tested here, the activity toward carbon deposition is increased fourfold over prior work. Furthermore, the minimum temperature for deposition is also reduced. The characteristics of these materials, the effects of milling and annealing, and the underlying mechanisms of deposition are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: mechanical alloying; ball milling; carbon nanofiber; catalysis; bimetallic composite; ethylene mechanical alloying; ball milling; carbon nanofiber; catalysis; bimetallic composite; ethylene
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Knauss, S.J.; Guevara, L.N.; Atwater, M.A. Enhanced Performance of Bimetallic Co-Pd Catalysts Prepared by Mechanical Alloying. Metals 2019, 9, 335.

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