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Metals 2019, 9(2), 129;

Thermal Fatigue Characteristics of Type 309 Austenitic Stainless Steel for Automotive Manifolds

Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
Institute of Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China
Research Institute, Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200431, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 December 2018 / Revised: 22 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 26 January 2019
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The thermal fatigue behavior of type 309 austenitic stainless steel was investigated by cyclic tests ranged from 100 °C to the maximum temperatures 800 and 900 °C. The microstructures of the specimens were characterized by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. With changing the maximum temperature from 800 to 900 °C, the stainless steel exhibits much lower strength, higher elongation and a decrease of fatigue life about 56.6%. After the thermal fatigue failure, the specimens show micro-void coalescence fractures caused by the creep during the holding period at the maximum temperatures, and the quasi-cleavage feature also appears in the case of the maximum temperature 800 °C. During the thermal fatigue processes, the cavities usually form at the grain and twin boundaries, facilitating the initiation and growth of cracks. Furthermore, the high-temperature oxidation produces oxides on the specimen surfaces and in the cracks, deteriorating thermal fatigue properties. With an increase in the maximum temperature, the enhanced synergetic effect of strength, grain size, creep and oxidation is responsible for the accelerated fatigue failure of 309 stainless steel during the thermal cycles. View Full-Text
Keywords: stainless steel; thermal fatigue; fatigue life; high-temperature oxidation stainless steel; thermal fatigue; fatigue life; high-temperature oxidation

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Zhan, J.; Li, M.; Huang, J.; Bi, H.; Li, Q.; Gu, H. Thermal Fatigue Characteristics of Type 309 Austenitic Stainless Steel for Automotive Manifolds. Metals 2019, 9, 129.

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