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Measurement of Molten Steel Velocity near the Surface and Modeling for Transient Fluid Flow in the Continuous Casting Mold

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
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Metals 2019, 9(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9010036
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ironmaking and Steelmaking)
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Abstract

In the current work, a rod deflection method (RDM) is conducted to measure the velocity of molten steel near the surface in continuous casting (CC) mold. With the experimental measurement, the flow velocity and direction of molten steel can be obtained. In addition, a mathematical model combining the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and discrete phase method (DPM) has been developed to calculate the transient flow field in a CC mold. The simulation results are compared and validated with the plant measurement results. Reasonable agreements between the measured and simulated results are obtained, both in the trends and magnitudes for the flow velocities of molten steel near the mold surface. Based on the measured and calculated results, the velocity of molten steel near the surface in the mold increases with increasing casting speed and the casting speed can change the flow pattern in the mold. Furthermore, three different types of flow patterns of molten steel in the mold can be obtained. The pattern A is the single-roll-flow (SRF) and the pattern C is the double-roll-flow (DRF). The pattern B is a transition state between DRF and SRF, which is neither cause the vortices nor excessive surface velocity on the meniscus, so the slag entrainment rarely occurs. Argon gas injection can slow down the molten steel velocity and uplift the jet zone, due to the buoyancy of bubbles. Combination of the measurement and numerical simulation is an effective tool to investigate the transient flow behavior in the CC mold and optimize the actual operation parameters of continuous casting to avoid the surface defects of the automobile outer panels. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow velocity; casting speed; gas flow rate; flow pattern; continuous casting flow velocity; casting speed; gas flow rate; flow pattern; continuous casting
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Zhang, T.; Yang, J.; Jiang, P. Measurement of Molten Steel Velocity near the Surface and Modeling for Transient Fluid Flow in the Continuous Casting Mold. Metals 2019, 9, 36.

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