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Metals 2018, 8(6), 466; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060466

Annealing-Induced High Ordering and Coercivity in Novel L10 CoPt-Based Nanocomposite Magnets

National Institute for Materials Physics, 077125 Magurele, Romania
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Received: 16 May 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 12 June 2018 / Published: 19 June 2018
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Abstract

A novel class of quaternary intermetallic alloys based on CoPt is investigated in view of their interesting magnetic properties induced by the presence of hard magnetic L10 phase. A Co48Pt28Ag6B18 alloy has been prepared by rapid solidification from the melt and subjected to various isothermal annealing procedures. The structure and magnetism of both as-cast and annealed samples as well as the phase evolution with temperature are investigated by means of thermal analysis, X-ray, and selected area electron diffraction, scanning and high-resolution electron microscopy, and magnetic measurements. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that both the as-cast alloy and the sample annealed at 400 °C (673 K) have a nanocrystalline structure where fcc CoPt phase predominates. Annealing at 473 °C promotes the formation of L10 phase triggered by the disorder-order phase transformation as documented in the differential scanning calorimetry results. The sample annealed at 670 °C (943 K) shows full formation of L10 CoPt as revealed by XRD. Magnetic measurements showed coercivity values ten times increased compared to the as-cast state. This confirms the full formation of L10 CoPt in the annealed samples. Moreover, detailed atomic resolution HREM images and SAED patterns show the occurrence of the rarely seen (003) superlattice peaks, which translated into a high ordering of the L10 CoPt superlattice. Such results spur more interest in finding novel classes of nanocomposite magnets based on L10 phase. View Full-Text
Keywords: L10 phase; CoPt nanocomposite magnet; high-resolution electron microscopy; phase evolution; melt spun ribbons L10 phase; CoPt nanocomposite magnet; high-resolution electron microscopy; phase evolution; melt spun ribbons
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Crisan, A.D.; Vasiliu, F.; Mercioniu, I.; Bartha, C.; Enculescu, M.; Crisan, O. Annealing-Induced High Ordering and Coercivity in Novel L10 CoPt-Based Nanocomposite Magnets. Metals 2018, 8, 466.

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