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A Combined Hybrid 3-D/2-D Model for Flow and Solidification Prediction during Slab Continuous Casting

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
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Metals 2018, 8(3), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8030182
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuous Casting)
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Abstract

A combined hybrid 3-D/2-D simulation model was developed to investigate the flow and solidification phenomena in turbulent flow and laminar flow regions during slab continuous casting (CC). The 3-D coupling model and 2-D slicing model were applied to the turbulent flow and laminar flow regions, respectively. In the simulation model, the uneven distribution of cooling water in the width direction of the strand was taken into account according to the nozzle collocation of secondary cooling zones. The results from the 3-D turbulent flow region show that the impact effect of the molten steel jet on the formation of a solidification shell is significant. The impact point is 457 mm below the meniscus, and the plug flow is formed 2442 mm below the meniscus. In the laminar flow region, grid independence tests indicate that the grids with a cell size of 10 × 10 mm2 are sufficient in simulations to attain the precise temperature distribution and solidification profile. The liquid core of the strand is not entirely uniform, and the solidification profile agrees well with the integrated distribution of cooling water in secondary cooling zones. The final solidification points are at a position of 400–500 mm in the width direction and are 17.66 m away from the meniscus. View Full-Text
Keywords: slab continuous casting; hybrid simulation model; uneven secondary cooling slab continuous casting; hybrid simulation model; uneven secondary cooling
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Long, M.; Chen, H.; Chen, D.; Yu, S.; Liang, B.; Duan, H. A Combined Hybrid 3-D/2-D Model for Flow and Solidification Prediction during Slab Continuous Casting. Metals 2018, 8, 182.

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