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Open AccessArticle

Tensile Deformation Behavior of Medium Manganese Steels with High Carbon Concentrations and Austenitic Microstructures

Institute of Iron and Steel Technology, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger St. 34, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Laboratory of Materials Design and Structural Integrity, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Sciences, Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences, 49076 Osnabrück, Germany.
Metals 2018, 8(11), 902;
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 4 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medium-Mn Steels, a Promising Type of the 3rd Generation Steels)
PDF [3343 KB, uploaded 7 November 2018]


Tensile properties of the Fe–1.44C–8Mn–1.9Al (mass %) steel with a fully austenitic microstructure, obtained by rapid quenching from the austenite range, was determined at room temperature. Tensile tests were performed using specimens prepared in two different routes involving an exchanged sequence of machining and heat treatment as the last processing steps prior to tensile tests. In spite of the occurrence of deformation twinning, total tensile elongations in both processing routes remained below 18%. Abrupt stress drops during tensile tests suggested the occurrence of discontinuities in tensile specimens. Detailed examination of the fracture surface indicated a mixed intergranular–transgranular fracture mode. Furthermore, a high density of surface cracks was observed near the outer surface in the gauge section of fractured tensile specimens. The origin of surface cracks could not be identified. The coincidence of surface cracks with the grain boundaries, especially those nearly perpendicular to the tensile direction, is thought to be responsible for the accelerated grain boundary decohesion and the premature fracture of tensile specimens. View Full-Text
Keywords: medium-Mn steel; high-C steel; tensile test; austenite; fracture surface medium-Mn steel; high-C steel; tensile test; austenite; fracture surface

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Luan, G.; Volkova, O.; Mola, J. Tensile Deformation Behavior of Medium Manganese Steels with High Carbon Concentrations and Austenitic Microstructures. Metals 2018, 8, 902.

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