Environmental Compatibility of Lightweight Aggregates from Mine Tailings and Industrial Byproducts
AbstractA lightweight aggregate was produced by sintering the mixture of gold mine tailings, red mud, and limestone at 1150 °C. The physical (i.e., skid resistance, abrasion resistance, and bond strength) and environmental (i.e., leachability) feasibility of this aggregate was assessed to consider its potential use as a construction material for bicycle lanes. The skid resistance (British pendulum number of 71) and bond strength (1.5 N·mm−2) of the aggregate were found to be appropriate for this use. However, the abrasion loss value of the aggregate was found to be 290 mg, which exceeds the limit of Korean Standard KS F 281 (200 mg). Heavy metals were found to not leach from the aggregate in various leaching tests. These include Korean (Korea Standard Method for Solid Waste), American (Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure (SPLP)), and European (BS EN 12457-1) leaching tests, despite the raw materials containing significant amounts of Pb, As, and F. However, leachate extracted from the aggregate exhibited an aquatic toxicity to Daphnia magna of 13.94 TU24hr and 14.25 TU48hr, most likely due to a high pH and Ca concentration originating from the free CaO present in the aggregate. The data suggests that the physical properties of the reconstructed aggregate are appropriate for use in bicycle lane construction, however the dissolution of Ca and the pH level of the leachate need to be controlled to protect aquatic ecosystems. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ju, W.J.; Shin, D.; Park, H.; Nam, K. Environmental Compatibility of Lightweight Aggregates from Mine Tailings and Industrial Byproducts. Metals 2017, 7, 390.
Ju WJ, Shin D, Park H, Nam K. Environmental Compatibility of Lightweight Aggregates from Mine Tailings and Industrial Byproducts. Metals. 2017; 7(10):390.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ju, Won J.; Shin, Doyun; Park, Hyunsik; Nam, Kyoungphile. 2017. "Environmental Compatibility of Lightweight Aggregates from Mine Tailings and Industrial Byproducts." Metals 7, no. 10: 390.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.