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Article

Modeling of the Evolution of the Microstructure and the Hardness Penetration Depth for a Hypoeutectoid Steel Processed by Grind-Hardening

by 1, 2,*, 1 and 1
1
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(9), 1182; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10091182
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 19 August 2020 / Accepted: 21 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
Grind-hardening processing is an emerging approach that combines the grinding and surface quenching process. During the process, the hardened layer—mainly martensite—is produced on the surface of the workpiece to achieve the purpose of surface strengthening. Above all, the surface temperature field of the hypoeutectoid-1045 steel workpiece was determined by finite element method for fully revealing the formation mechanism of the hardened layer. Further, the cellular automata approach was applied to dynamically simulate the transformation of both austenitization and martensitization from the initial microstructure. The hardness penetration depth was also predicted. Finally, a grind-hardening experiment was conducted to assess the theoretical study. Results showed that a combination of the finite element method and the cellular automata approach can effectively simulate the microstructure transformation of hardened layer. The microstructure and the hardness penetration depth were affected by the maximum grinding temperature and the heating rate. Research on the influence of grinding parameters showed that the hardness penetration depth increased as the depth of the wheel cut and feeding speed increased. Experiments revealed that the difference between predicted value and experimental value of the hardness penetration depth varied between 2.83% and 7.31%, which confirmed the effectiveness of the predicted model. View Full-Text
Keywords: grind-hardening process; cellular automata; microstructure evolution; prediction of hardness penetration depth grind-hardening process; cellular automata; microstructure evolution; prediction of hardness penetration depth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, Y.; Liu, M.; Yin, M.; Yan, Y. Modeling of the Evolution of the Microstructure and the Hardness Penetration Depth for a Hypoeutectoid Steel Processed by Grind-Hardening. Metals 2020, 10, 1182. https://doi.org/10.3390/met10091182

AMA Style

Guo Y, Liu M, Yin M, Yan Y. Modeling of the Evolution of the Microstructure and the Hardness Penetration Depth for a Hypoeutectoid Steel Processed by Grind-Hardening. Metals. 2020; 10(9):1182. https://doi.org/10.3390/met10091182

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Yu, Minghe Liu, Mingang Yin, and Yutao Yan. 2020. "Modeling of the Evolution of the Microstructure and the Hardness Penetration Depth for a Hypoeutectoid Steel Processed by Grind-Hardening" Metals 10, no. 9: 1182. https://doi.org/10.3390/met10091182

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