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Diffusion Bonding and Transient Liquid Phase (TLP) Bonding of Type 304 and 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel—A Review of Similar and Dissimilar Material Joints

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Research Chair for Tribology, Surface, and Interface Sciences (TSIS), Physics and Astronomy Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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King Abdullah Institute Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Eilfschornsteinstr. 18, 52072 Aachen, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(5), 613; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10050613
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 30 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 May 2020 / Published: 8 May 2020
Similar and dissimilar material joints of AISI grade 304 (1.4301) and AISI grade 316 (1.4401) austenitic stainless steel by solid state diffusion bonding and transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding are of interest to academia and industry alike. Appropriate bonding parameters (bonding temperature, bonding time, and bonding pressure) as well as suitable surface treatments, bonding atmosphere (usually high vacuum or protective gas) and interlayers are paramount for successful bonding. The three main parameters (temperature, time, and pressure) are interconnected in a strong non-linear way making experimental data important. This work reviews the three main parameters used for solid state diffusion bonding, TLP bonding and to a smaller degree hot isostatic pressing (HIP) of AISI grade 304 and AISI grade 316 austenitic stainless steel to the aforementioned materials (similar joints) as well as other materials, namely commercially pure titanium, Ti-6A-4V, copper, zircaloy and other non-ferrous metals and ceramic materials (dissimilar joints). View Full-Text
Keywords: diffusion bonding; transient liquid phase bonding; stainless steel; dissimilar joints diffusion bonding; transient liquid phase bonding; stainless steel; dissimilar joints
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MDPI and ACS Style

AlHazaa, A.; Haneklaus, N. Diffusion Bonding and Transient Liquid Phase (TLP) Bonding of Type 304 and 316 Austenitic Stainless Steel—A Review of Similar and Dissimilar Material Joints. Metals 2020, 10, 613.

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