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Thermal and Mass Spectroscopic Analysis of BF and BOF Sludges: Study of Their Behavior under Air and Inert Atmosphere

Process Metallurgy Research Group, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 201900, China
Key Laboratory of Green-Chemistry Materials in University of Yunnan Province, Kunming Key Laboratory of Energy Materials Chemistry, Yunnan Minzu University, Kunming 650500, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(3), 397; (registering DOI)
Received: 22 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
Differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG), and mass spectrometry (MS) were used to study the thermal behavior of the blast furnace (BF) and basic oxygen furnace (BOF) sludges generated from the iron-making industry. The results indicated that under air atmosphere the two types of sludge are different in their thermal behavior. In BF sludge, the exothermic carbon gasification (CO/CO2) reaction dominated the process, while in BOF sludge, the significant reaction occurred at 755 °C and was associated with a slight mass gain owing to the partial oxidation of Fe3O4 to Fe2O3. Under inert atmosphere, the thermal behavior of both BF and BOF sludges were dominated by a reduction reaction. In BF sludge, the endothermic reactions ranged from 785 to 1115 °C due to the reduction of iron oxides as follows: Fe2O3 → Fe3O4 → FeO → Fe. A total mass loss of about 27.78% was observed in the TG curve. While in BOF sludge, the endothermic peaks corresponded to magnetite reduction to iron (Fe). The overall mass loss of the BOF was approximately 16.92%. The mass spectrum of gases evolution for both BF and BOF sludges revealed that CO/CO2 gases were released from the sludges. View Full-Text
Keywords: BF sludge; BOF sludge; thermal analysis; mass spectra BF sludge; BOF sludge; thermal analysis; mass spectra
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Omran, M.; Fabritius, T.; Yu, Y.; Chen, G. Thermal and Mass Spectroscopic Analysis of BF and BOF Sludges: Study of Their Behavior under Air and Inert Atmosphere. Metals 2020, 10, 397.

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