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A Study on Cross-Shaped Structure of Invar Material Using Cold Wire Laser Fillet Welding (PART I: Feasibility Study for Weldability)

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Department of Welding and Joining Science Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
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Welding Engineering R&D Department, Daewoo Shipbuilding Marine Engineering, Geoje 53302, Korea
3
Smart Mobility Materials and Components R&D Group, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Gwangju 61012, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(10), 1385; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10101385
Received: 17 September 2020 / Revised: 10 October 2020 / Accepted: 16 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
With the need for eco-friendly energy increasing rapidly due to global environmental issues, there is a rapidly increasing demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG). LNG is liquefied at minus 163 degrees Celsius, and its volume decreases to 1/600, giving it a relatively higher storage and transport efficiency than gaseous natural gas (NG). The material for the tanks that store cryogenic LNG must be a material with high impact toughness at cryogenic temperatures. Invar, which contains 36% nickel and has a very low coefficient of thermal expansion, is used for the membranes and corner structures of LNG cargo holds. The cross-shaped Invar structure used in an LNG cargo hold is manufactured through manual tungsten inert gas (TIG) fillet welding, which causes welding distortion and weldability problems. This study is a feasibility study that aims to reduce welding distortion, increase weldability with welding speed, and reduce the steps in an existing process by half by replacing the existing manufacturing method with automatic fiber laser fillet welding. Laser welding using fiber laser parameters are controlled for 1.5 and 3.0 mm thick Invar materials and weldability is secured through cross-section observation. Then, the optimal welding conditions with top and back beads secured are derived through a trial and error method. View Full-Text
Keywords: LNG (liquefied natural gas); Invar; cold wire laser welding; fillet welding; cross-shaped structure LNG (liquefied natural gas); Invar; cold wire laser welding; fillet welding; cross-shaped structure
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Kim, D.-S.; Pyo, C.; Kim, J.; Kim, J.; Lee, H.-K. A Study on Cross-Shaped Structure of Invar Material Using Cold Wire Laser Fillet Welding (PART I: Feasibility Study for Weldability). Metals 2020, 10, 1385.

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