The paper presents the results of microstructure tests of EN AC-46000 hypoeutectic Al–Si alloy with and without high-melting-point elements: chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, and tungsten. The above-mentioned elements were used individually or simultaneously in various combinations. The tested castings were made using two technologies: shell molding and high pressure die casting (HPDC). Using X-ray diffraction and microanalysis of the chemical composition an attempt to determine the phase structure of the tested alloy was made. It has been shown that the microstructure of the base alloy consists of dendrites of α(Al) solid solution and complex eutectic mixtures: ternary α(Al) + Al15
+ β(Si) and quaternary α(Al) + Al2
Cu + AlSiCuFeMgMnNi + β(Si). High-melting point elements, regardless of the combination used, attach mainly to intermetallic phases rich in Fe and form the Al15
phase, where M is any high melting point element or a combination of such elements. It has been shown that the area fraction of the above-mentioned phase increases with increasing content of high melting point elements. A greater area fraction of the Al15
phase in the casting from the shell mold in relation to the high pressure die casting has been also found.
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