Previous studies on the safety of gas-cooled high-temperature reactors (HTR) have analyzed the corrosion and oxidation behavior of the primary circuit components under normal and accident conditions. Through the use of graphite components, graphite particles can be formed by mechanical and chemical means whose influence on the structural change of metal surfaces must be analyzed in a comprehensive manner. The dust resuspension and deposition in tank geometry (DRESDEN-TANK) test facility was set up to thermally anneal metallic samples (Alloy 800H, Inconel 617) loaded with graphite particles under typical HTR conditions (helium, 750 °C, 6 MPa) for the investigation of interactions over a long-term range. In addition to the carrying out of a description of the processes occurring on the material surface, the gaseous reaction products have been analyzed. The results show that the presence of graphite particles in the near-surface layer has a significant impact on corrosion processes due to thermally-induced interactions. In this case iron and chromium are degraded in the metallic alloys, which leads to a structural change in the near-surface layer. Furthermore, the graphite particles significantly influence the formation of the oxide layers on the alloys; for example, they influence the formation speed of the layer and the layer height. The originally deposited particles thus exhibit a chemically-altered composition and a different geometric shape.
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