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The Role of Military Service in the Integration/Segregation of Muslims, Christians and Druze within Israel

Jewish Studies Program, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
Societies 2019, 9(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc9010001
Received: 19 October 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 8 January 2019
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Abstract

This study applies the negative peace/positive peace approach to internal nation-state relations between the majority and ethnic minority. This approach focuses on the policies implemented by the state. In order to understand the social system from its formation, an important focus should be given to the period of establishment of a new state, whereas physical borders are defined along with the borders of society, which determines who is included in the new nation and who is excluded. The conclusions are based on the case of the Israeli Druze, an ethnic minority with whom the state of Israel and its Jewish majority have achieved positive peace. This study suggests that the positive peace with the Druze was achieved following their integration in the army—as a decision of the state of Israel—that lead to their integration in the Israeli society. Conversely to the Israeli Muslims, where a negative peace is maintained, following the early year’s state policy to exclude them. View Full-Text
Keywords: Israel; positive peace; druze; compulsory service; social integration Israel; positive peace; druze; compulsory service; social integration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zeedan, R. The Role of Military Service in the Integration/Segregation of Muslims, Christians and Druze within Israel. Societies 2019, 9, 1.

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