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Coaches’ Health Promotion Activity and Substance Use in Youth Sports

Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland
Tampere Research Centre of Sports Medicine, 33500 Tampere, Finland
UKK Institute of Health Promotion Research, 33500 Tampere, Finland
Paavo Nurmi Centre and Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Turku, 20500 Turku, Finland
Kuopio Research Institute of Exercise Medicine, 70100 Kuopio, Finland
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, 70210 Kuopio, Finland
Clinic of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Foundation for Sport and Exercise Medicine, 00530 Helsinki, Finland
Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Oulu Deaconess Institute, 90100 Oulu, Finland
Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
Medical Research Center, University of Oulu and University Hospital of Oulu, 90220 Oulu, Finland
Unit of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kristine Crondahl
Societies 2017, 7(2), 4;
Received: 14 January 2017 / Revised: 29 March 2017 / Accepted: 1 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion)
There is an increasing amount of evidence suggesting youth sports clubs are an important setting for health promotion. Adolescents in sport club settings can benefit from exposures of positive and negative consequences to health. To better understand the sport club context and coaches’ health promotion activity in substance use prevention, this study compares sport club members with non-members aged between 14–16 years old on their experience and use of alcohol, smoking and snuff and coaches’ health promotion activity on substances. Methods: Adolescents (n = 671) from sports clubs and from matched schools (n = 1442) were recruited in this study. Multiple binary logistic regressions were performed on substance use. Results: Higher prevalence of substance use was associated with discussions of substances, often held by coaches. Significantly fewer girls who are sport club members had experiences in alcohol, smoking or snuff than their non-member counter-parts, the differences among boys varied by substance. Fewer sport club members experienced smoking than non-members. More boys used snuff than girls. Conclusions: The most salient points for health promotion were that girls who were sport club members used fewer substances and for boys the picture was more complicated. Coaches could be using reactive strategies through informal learning to address substance use in clubs, although more effective training on substance use for coaches is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport club participation; coach; health promotion; youth; snuff; alcohol; smoking sport club participation; coach; health promotion; youth; snuff; alcohol; smoking
MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, K.; Mäkelä, K.; Parkkari, J.; Kannas, L.; Vasankari, T.; Heinonen, O.J.; Savonen, K.; Alanko, L.; Korpelainen, R.; Selänne, H.; Villberg, J.; Kokko, S. Coaches’ Health Promotion Activity and Substance Use in Youth Sports. Societies 2017, 7, 4.

AMA Style

Ng K, Mäkelä K, Parkkari J, Kannas L, Vasankari T, Heinonen OJ, Savonen K, Alanko L, Korpelainen R, Selänne H, Villberg J, Kokko S. Coaches’ Health Promotion Activity and Substance Use in Youth Sports. Societies. 2017; 7(2):4.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ng, Kwok, Kasper Mäkelä, Jari Parkkari, Lasse Kannas, Tommi Vasankari, Olli J. Heinonen, Kai Savonen, Lauri Alanko, Raija Korpelainen, Harri Selänne, Jari Villberg, and Sami Kokko. 2017. "Coaches’ Health Promotion Activity and Substance Use in Youth Sports" Societies 7, no. 2: 4.

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