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Cyberbullying and Primary-School Aged Children: The Psychological Literature and the Challenge for Sociology
Open AccessArticle

The Coping with Cyberbullying Questionnaire: Development of a New Measure

Department of Empirical Educational Research, University of Konstanz/Thurgau University of Teacher Education, Bärenstrasse 38, CH-8280 Kreuzlingen, Switzerland
Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Binzmühlestrasse 14, CH-8050 Zürich, Switzerland
Department of Psychology, Swiss Distance University, Überlandstrasse 12, CH-3900 Brig, Switzerland
Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Florence, Via di S. Salvi, 12, Complesso di S. Salvi, Padiglione 26, 50135 Firenze, Italy
School of Arts, Dublin Business School, Dublin 2, Ireland
School of Education, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregor Wolbring
Societies 2015, 5(2), 515-536;
Received: 13 February 2015 / Revised: 12 May 2015 / Accepted: 13 May 2015 / Published: 28 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyberbullying: Where Are We Now? A Cross-National Understanding)
Victims of cyberbullying report a number of undesirable outcomes regarding their well-being, especially those who are not able to successfully cope with cyber victimization. Research on coping with cyberbullying has identified a number of different coping strategies that seem to be differentially adaptive in cases of cyber victimization. However, knowledge regarding the effectiveness of these strategies is scarce. This scarcity is partially due to the lack of valid and reliable instruments for the assessment of coping strategies in the context of cyber victimization. The present study outlines the development of the Coping with Cyberbullying Questionnaire (CWCBQ) and tests of its reliability and construct validity over a total of five questionnaire development stages. The CWCBQ was developed in the context of a longitudinal study carried out in Switzerland and was also used with Italian and Irish samples of adolescents. The results of these different studies and stages resulted in a questionnaire that is composed of seven subscales (i.e., distal advice, assertiveness, helplessness/self-blame, active ignoring, retaliation, close support and technical coping) with a total of 36 items. The CWCBQ is still being developed, but the results obtained so far suggested that the questionnaire was reliable and valid among the countries where it was used at different stages of its development. The CWCBQ is a promising tool for the understanding of potential coping with experiences of cyber victimization and for the development of prevention and intervention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; cyber victimization; coping; reliability; validity cyberbullying; cyber victimization; coping; reliability; validity
MDPI and ACS Style

Sticca, F.; Machmutow, K.; Stauber, A.; Perren, S.; Palladino, B.E.; Nocentini, A.; Menesini, E.; Corcoran, L.; Guckin, C.M. The Coping with Cyberbullying Questionnaire: Development of a New Measure. Societies 2015, 5, 515-536.

AMA Style

Sticca F, Machmutow K, Stauber A, Perren S, Palladino BE, Nocentini A, Menesini E, Corcoran L, Guckin CM. The Coping with Cyberbullying Questionnaire: Development of a New Measure. Societies. 2015; 5(2):515-536.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sticca, Fabio; Machmutow, Katja; Stauber, Ariane; Perren, Sonja; Palladino, Benedetta E.; Nocentini, Annalaura; Menesini, Ersilia; Corcoran, Lucie; Guckin, Conor M. 2015. "The Coping with Cyberbullying Questionnaire: Development of a New Measure" Societies 5, no. 2: 515-536.

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