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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Different Exercise Conditions on Antioxidant Potential and Mental Assessment

1
Department of Sports Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki 216-8511, Japan
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki 216-8511, Japan
3
Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University, 1-1 Hiraka-gakuendai, Inzai, Chiba 270-1695, Japan
4
Health and Sports Science, Graduate School of Juntendo University, 1-1 Hiraka-gakuendai, Inzai, Chiba 270-1695, Japan
5
Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama Sports Medical Center, Nissan Stadium, 3302-5 Kozukue-cho, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 222-0036, Japan
6
Department of Frontier Medicine, Institute of Medical Science, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki 216-8511, Japan
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Faculty of Psychology, Rissho University, 4-2-16 Osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8602, Japan
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Department of Cognitive and Information Sciences, Faculty of Letters, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2021, 9(3), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9030036
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
Exercise increases oxidative stress, leading the body to strengthen its antioxidant defenses, thus reducing the incidence of major diseases. As these associations are relatively unclear for ordinary levels of exercise for reduced stress, this study evaluated the effects of different exercise conditions on diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs), biological antioxidant potential (BAP), and subjective mood. Forty-nine students (22.4 ± 2.6 years) were assessed using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) before and after exercising for 60 min. Participants were divided into two groups: Group A engaged in compulsory sports and Group B in freely chosen sports. d-ROMs and BAP were measured, and their modified ratio was calculated as an index of antioxidant potential. Physiological evaluation showed significant improvements in BAP and the BAP/d-ROMs ratio, irrespective of exercise condition (p < 0.001, p < 0.01). Comparison between the exercise conditions revealed a significant difference in the modified ratio (p < 0.02). In mood assessment, scores on emotion-related scales without vigor improved significantly under both exercise conditions (p < 0.001). Mental changes were evident after exercise, and potential antioxidant capacity was higher in freely chosen sports (p < 0.03). Assessment of antioxidant status before and after exercise may provide an objective index of mental and physical conditioning. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; sports; sport psychology; exercise psychology; measurement mental health; sports; sport psychology; exercise psychology; measurement
MDPI and ACS Style

Yatabe, K.; Muroi, R.; Kumai, T.; Kotani, T.; Somemura, S.; Yui, N.; Murofushi, Y.; Terawaki, F.; Kobayashi, H.; Yudoh, K.; Sakurai, H.; Miyano, H.; Fujiya, H. Effects of Different Exercise Conditions on Antioxidant Potential and Mental Assessment. Sports 2021, 9, 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9030036

AMA Style

Yatabe K, Muroi R, Kumai T, Kotani T, Somemura S, Yui N, Murofushi Y, Terawaki F, Kobayashi H, Yudoh K, Sakurai H, Miyano H, Fujiya H. Effects of Different Exercise Conditions on Antioxidant Potential and Mental Assessment. Sports. 2021; 9(3):36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9030036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yatabe, Kanaka; Muroi, Ryota; Kumai, Takanori; Kotani, Takashi; Somemura, Shu; Yui, Naoko; Murofushi, Yuka; Terawaki, Fumiko; Kobayashi, Hajime; Yudoh, Kazuo; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Miyano, Hisao; Fujiya, Hiroto. 2021. "Effects of Different Exercise Conditions on Antioxidant Potential and Mental Assessment" Sports 9, no. 3: 36. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9030036

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