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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Bio-Banding upon Physical and Technical Performance during Soccer Competition: A Preliminary Analysis

1
Brighton and Hove Albion Football Club, Brighton BN15 9FP, UK
2
Centre for Sport and Exercise Science and Medicine, University of Brighton, Eastbourne BN20 7UR, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(8), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7080193
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
Bio-banded competition has been introduced to address the variation in physical maturity within soccer. To date, no research has investigated the effect of bio-banded competition relative to chronological competition. The current study investigated the effect of bio-banding upon physical and technical performance in elite youth soccer athletes. Twenty-five male soccer athletes (11–15 years) from an English Premier League soccer academy participated in bio-banded and chronological competition, with physical and technical performance data collected for each athlete. Athletes were between 85–90% of predicted adult stature, and sub-divided into early, on-time and late developers. For early developers, significantly more short passes, significantly less dribbles and a higher rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were evident during bio-banded competition compared to chronological competition (p < 0.05). Significantly more short passes and dribbles, and significantly fewer long passes were seen for on-time developers during bio-banded competition (p < 0.05). For late developers, significantly more tackles, and significantly fewer long passes were evident during bio-banded competition (p < 0.05). No significant differences in physical performance were identified between competition formats. Results demonstrated that bio-banded competition changed the technical demand placed upon athletes compared to chronological competition, without reducing the physical demands. Bio-banded competition can be prescribed to athletes of differing maturation groups dependent upon their specific developmental needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: maturation; bio-banded; chronological; match; physical development maturation; bio-banded; chronological; match; physical development
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Abbott, W.; Williams, S.; Brickley, G.; Smeeton, N.J. Effects of Bio-Banding upon Physical and Technical Performance during Soccer Competition: A Preliminary Analysis. Sports 2019, 7, 193.

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