Next Article in Journal
Change of Direction Deficit in National Team Rugby Union Players: Is There an Influence of Playing Position?
Previous Article in Journal
Validity and Reliability of the GymAware Linear Position Transducer for Squat Jump and Counter-Movement Jump Height
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Sleep Data, Physical Performance, and Injuries in Preparation for Professional Mixed Martial Arts

Department of Health and Human Performance, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33328, USA
Department of Kinesiology and Health, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41099, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [212 KB, uploaded 20 December 2018]


The purpose of this investigation is to present observational data regarding sleep variables in professional Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) athletes. These sleep performance measures were related to physical performance and injury in MMA athletes. Eight professional athletes were placed into a quasi-controlled, multivariable fight-camp environment for a six-week period in preparation for fight competition. Throughout a six-week fight camp environment, athletes were continuously monitored for sleep performance measures (sleep latency, sleep efficiency, onset, and wake variances) via validated wearable sleep monitoring technology. Athletes were tested seven days prior to competition on measures of physical performance (vertical jump, VO2max, heart rate recovery, prowler sled push, and pull-ups). Multiple correlational analyses were utilized to assess relationships between all sleep and physical performance measures. There were significant (P < 0.05) correlations between sleep latency and VO2max, heart rate recovery, prowler sled push, vertical jump, and missed practice sessions. There were also significant (P < 0.05) correlations between average fall asleep time and heart rate recovery. Lastly, there were significant (P < 0.05) correlations between sleep efficiency, heart rate recovery, and missed practice sessions. MMA athletes who exhibited consistency in sleep demonstrated stronger relationships with performance testing during the fight-camp period. View Full-Text
Keywords: health; professional athlete; mma; injury health; professional athlete; mma; injury
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Peacock, C.A.; Mena, M.; Sanders, G.J.; Silver, T.A.; Kalman, D.; Antonio, J. Sleep Data, Physical Performance, and Injuries in Preparation for Professional Mixed Martial Arts. Sports 2019, 7, 1.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top