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Sports 2017, 5(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5040089

Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players

1
Kinesiology Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
2
Physical Education Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2017 / Revised: 1 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙O2peak) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline V ˙O2peak: High Intensity Training (HITrun; n = 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n = 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions. HITrun consisted of 30 min of high-intensity running, while HIIT consisted of a series of whole-body high intensity Tabata-style intervals (75–85% of age predicted maximum heart rate) for a total of four minutes. In addition to the interval training, the off-season training included six resistance training sessions, three team practices, and concluded with a team scrimmage. V ˙O2peak was measured pre- and post-training to determine the effectiveness of the training program. A two-way mixed (group × time) ANOVA showed a main effect of time with a statistically significant difference in V ˙O2peak from pre- to post-testing, F(1, 12) = 12.657, p = 0.004, partial η2 = 0.041. Average (±SD) V ˙O2peak increased from 44.64 ± 3.74 to 47.35 ± 3.16 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HIIT group and increased from 45.39 ± 2.80 to 48.22 ± 2.42 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HITrun group. Given the similar improvement in aerobic power, coaches and training staff may find the time saving element of HIIT-type conditioning programs attractive. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIIT; tabata intervals; maximal oxygen consumption; intervals; non-traditional season training; field hockey; VO2peak; HIT HIIT; tabata intervals; maximal oxygen consumption; intervals; non-traditional season training; field hockey; VO2peak; HIT
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Funch, L.T.; Lind, E.; True, L.; Van Langen, D.; Foley, J.T.; Hokanson, J.F. Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players. Sports 2017, 5, 89.

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