The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption (
) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline
: High Intensity Training (HITrun
= 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n
= 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions. HITrun
consisted of 30 min of high-intensity running, while HIIT consisted of a series of whole-body high intensity Tabata-style intervals (75–85% of age predicted maximum heart rate) for a total of four minutes. In addition to the interval training, the off-season training included six resistance training sessions, three team practices, and concluded with a team scrimmage.
was measured pre- and post-training to determine the effectiveness of the training program. A two-way mixed (group × time) ANOVA showed a main effect of time with a statistically significant difference in
from pre- to post-testing, F
(1, 12) = 12.657, p
= 0.004, partial η2
= 0.041. Average (±SD)
increased from 44.64 ± 3.74 to 47.35 ± 3.16 mL·kg−1
for HIIT group and increased from 45.39 ± 2.80 to 48.22 ± 2.42 mL·kg−1
group. Given the similar improvement in aerobic power, coaches and training staff may find the time saving element of HIIT-type conditioning programs attractive.
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