Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players
Kinesiology Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
Physical Education Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2017 / Revised: 1 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption (
) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline
: High Intensity Training (HITrun
= 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n
= 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions. HITrun
consisted of 30 min of high-intensity running, while HIIT consisted of a series of whole-body high intensity Tabata-style intervals (75–85% of age predicted maximum heart rate) for a total of four minutes. In addition to the interval training, the off-season training included six resistance training sessions, three team practices, and concluded with a team scrimmage.
was measured pre- and post-training to determine the effectiveness of the training program. A two-way mixed (group × time) ANOVA showed a main effect of time with a statistically significant difference in
from pre- to post-testing, F
(1, 12) = 12.657, p
= 0.004, partial η2
= 0.041. Average (±SD)
increased from 44.64 ± 3.74 to 47.35 ± 3.16 mL·kg−1
for HIIT group and increased from 45.39 ± 2.80 to 48.22 ± 2.42 mL·kg−1
group. Given the similar improvement in aerobic power, coaches and training staff may find the time saving element of HIIT-type conditioning programs attractive.
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Funch, L.T.; Lind, E.; True, L.; Van Langen, D.; Foley, J.T.; Hokanson, J.F. Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players. Sports 2017, 5, 89.
Funch LT, Lind E, True L, Van Langen D, Foley JT, Hokanson JF. Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players. Sports. 2017; 5(4):89.
Funch, Lindsey T.; Lind, Erik; True, Larissa; Van Langen, Deborah; Foley, John T.; Hokanson, James F. 2017. "Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players." Sports 5, no. 4: 89.
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