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Open AccessArticle

Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players

1
Kinesiology Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
2
Physical Education Department, State University of New York at Cortland, P.O. Box 2000, Cortland, NY 13045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2017, 5(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5040089
Received: 3 October 2017 / Revised: 1 November 2017 / Accepted: 22 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in peak oxygen consumption ( V ˙O2peak) and running economy (RE) following four-weeks of high intensity training and concurrent strength and conditioning during the off-season in collegiate female field hockey players. Fourteen female student-athletes (age 19.29 ± 0.91 years) were divided into two training groups, matched from baseline V ˙O2peak: High Intensity Training (HITrun; n = 8) and High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT; n = 6). Participants completed 12 training sessions. HITrun consisted of 30 min of high-intensity running, while HIIT consisted of a series of whole-body high intensity Tabata-style intervals (75–85% of age predicted maximum heart rate) for a total of four minutes. In addition to the interval training, the off-season training included six resistance training sessions, three team practices, and concluded with a team scrimmage. V ˙O2peak was measured pre- and post-training to determine the effectiveness of the training program. A two-way mixed (group × time) ANOVA showed a main effect of time with a statistically significant difference in V ˙O2peak from pre- to post-testing, F(1, 12) = 12.657, p = 0.004, partial η2 = 0.041. Average (±SD) V ˙O2peak increased from 44.64 ± 3.74 to 47.35 ± 3.16 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HIIT group and increased from 45.39 ± 2.80 to 48.22 ± 2.42 mL·kg−1·min−1 for HITrun group. Given the similar improvement in aerobic power, coaches and training staff may find the time saving element of HIIT-type conditioning programs attractive. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIIT; tabata intervals; maximal oxygen consumption; intervals; non-traditional season training; field hockey; VO2peak; HIT HIIT; tabata intervals; maximal oxygen consumption; intervals; non-traditional season training; field hockey; VO2peak; HIT
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Funch, L.T.; Lind, E.; True, L.; Van Langen, D.; Foley, J.T.; Hokanson, J.F. Four Weeks of Off-Season Training Improves Peak Oxygen Consumption in Female Field Hockey Players. Sports 2017, 5, 89.

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