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Comparison of Different Minimal Velocity Thresholds to Establish Deadlift One Repetition Maximum

Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, College Lane, Chichester PO19 6PE, UK
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Sports 2017, 5(3), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5030070
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 14 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Strength on Performance in Athletic Tasks)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the actual deadlift one repetition maximum (1RM) and the deadlift 1RM predicted from individualised load-velocity profiles. Twelve moderately resistance-trained men participated in three deadlift sessions. During the first, 1RM was assessed; during the second, load-velocity profiles were recorded with six loads (65% to 90% 1RM) using a linear position transducer recording at 1000 Hz; and during the third, minimal velocity thresholds (MVT) were recorded from the velocity of the last repetition during sets to volitional fatigue with 70% and 80% 1RM with a linear position transducer recording at 1000 Hz. Regression was then used to generate individualised load-velocity profiles and the MVT was used as a cut-off value from which to predict deadlift 1RM. In general, velocity reliability was poor to moderate. More importantly, predicted deadlift 1RMs were significantly and meaningfully less than actual deadlift 1RMs (p < 0.05, d = 1.03–1.75). The main practical application that should be taken from the results of this study is that individualized load-velocity profiles should not be used to predict deadlift 1RM. Practitioners should not use this method in combination with the application of MVT obtained from the last repetition of sets to volitional fatigue. View Full-Text
Keywords: maximum strength; load-velocity; validity maximum strength; load-velocity; validity
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Lake, J.; Naworynsky, D.; Duncan, F.; Jackson, M. Comparison of Different Minimal Velocity Thresholds to Establish Deadlift One Repetition Maximum. Sports 2017, 5, 70.

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