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Article

Breakfast Canyon Discovered in Honeybee Hive Weight Curves

1
Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Forsøgsvej 1, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark
2
Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, 2000 E Allen Rd, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2018, 9(4), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040176
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 24 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Monitoring and Trapping in Agricultural Systems)
Electronic devices to sense, store, and transmit data are undergoing rapid development, offering an ever-expanding toolbox for inventive minds. In apiculture, both researchers and practitioners have welcomed the opportunity to equip beehives with a variety of sensors to monitor hive weight, temperature, forager traffic and more, resulting in huge amounts of accumulated data. The problem remains how to distil biological meaning out of these data. In this paper, we address the analysis of beehive weight monitored at a 15-min resolution over several months. Inspired by an overlooked, classic study on such weight curves we derive algorithms and statistical procedures to allow biological interpretation of the data. Our primary finding was that an early morning dip in the weight curve (‘Breakfast Canyon’) could be extracted from the data to provide information on bee colony performance in terms of foraging effort. We include the data sets used in this study, together with R scripts that will allow other researchers to replicate or refine our method. View Full-Text
Keywords: monitoring; time series; analysis; segmented linear regression; diurnal; neonicotinoid monitoring; time series; analysis; segmented linear regression; diurnal; neonicotinoid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Holst, N.; Meikle, W.G. Breakfast Canyon Discovered in Honeybee Hive Weight Curves. Insects 2018, 9, 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040176

AMA Style

Holst N, Meikle WG. Breakfast Canyon Discovered in Honeybee Hive Weight Curves. Insects. 2018; 9(4):176. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holst, Niels, and William G. Meikle. 2018. "Breakfast Canyon Discovered in Honeybee Hive Weight Curves" Insects 9, no. 4: 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040176

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