Next Article in Journal
Microfungi Associated with Pteroptyx bearni (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) Eggs and Larvae from Kawang River, Sabah (Northern Borneo)
Next Article in Special Issue
Do Refuge Plants Favour Natural Pest Control in Maize Crops?
Previous Article in Journal
Monitoring Effect of Fire on Ant Assemblages in Brazilian Rupestrian Grasslands: Contrasting Effects on Ground and Arboreal Fauna
Open AccessReview

Ecosystem-Based Incorporation of Nectar-Producing Plants for Stink Bug Parasitoids

Crop Protection & Management Research Laboratory, USDA, ARS, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
Academic Editor: Brian T. Forschler
Insects 2017, 8(3), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8030065
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 20 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Habitat Management in Agroecosystems)
Adult parasitoids of pest insects rely on floral resources for survival and reproduction, but can be food-deprived in intensively managed agricultural systems lacking these resources. Stink bugs are serious pests for crops in southwest Georgia. Provisioning nectar-producing plants for parasitoids of stink bugs potentially can enhance biocontrol of these pests. Knowledge of spatial and temporal availability and distribution of stink bugs in host plants is necessary for appropriate timing and placement of flowering plants in agroecosystems. Stink bugs move between closely associated host plants throughout the growing season in response to deteriorating suitability of their host plants. In peanut-cotton farmscapes, stink bugs develop in peanut, and subsequently the adults disperse into adjacent cotton. Parasitism of Nezara viridula (L.) adults by Trichopoda pennipes (F.) at the peanut-cotton interface was significantly higher in cotton with a strip of milkweed or buckwheat between the two crops than in cotton alone. Milkweed and buckwheat also provided nectar to a wide range of insect pollinators. Monarch butterflies fed on milkweed. When placed between peanut and cotton, a strip of soybean was an effective trap crop for cotton, reducing economic damage. Incorporation of buckwheat near soybean enhanced parasitism of Euschistus servus (Say) eggs by Telenomus podisi Ashmead in cotton. In conclusion, nectar provision enhances biocontrol of stink bugs, acts together with other management tactics for stink bug control, and aids in conservation of natural enemies, insect pollinators, and the monarch butterfly. View Full-Text
Keywords: parasitoids; nectar-provision; biocontrol; stink bugs; pollination; conservation parasitoids; nectar-provision; biocontrol; stink bugs; pollination; conservation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tillman, G. Ecosystem-Based Incorporation of Nectar-Producing Plants for Stink Bug Parasitoids. Insects 2017, 8, 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8030065

AMA Style

Tillman G. Ecosystem-Based Incorporation of Nectar-Producing Plants for Stink Bug Parasitoids. Insects. 2017; 8(3):65. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8030065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tillman, Glynn. 2017. "Ecosystem-Based Incorporation of Nectar-Producing Plants for Stink Bug Parasitoids" Insects 8, no. 3: 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8030065

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop