Insect pests are responsible for substantial damage to museum objects, historic books and in buildings like palaces or historic houses. Different wood boring beetles (Anobium punctatum
, Hylotrupes bajulus
sp. or introduced species), the biscuit beetle (Stegobium paniceum
), the cigarette beetle (Lasioderma serricorne
), different Dermestides (Attagenus
sp.), moths like the webbing clothes moth (Tineola bisselliella)
, Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina
) and booklice (Psocoptera)
can damage materials, objects or building parts. They are the most common pests found in collections in central Europe, but most of them are distributed all over the world. In tropical countries, termites, cockroaches and other insect pests are also found and result in even higher damage of wood and paper or are a commune annoyance in buildings. In this short review, an introduction to Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in museums is given, the most valuable collections, preventive measures, monitoring in museums, staff responsible for the IPM and chemical free treatment methods are described. In the second part of the paper, the most important insect pests occurring in museums, archives, libraries and historic buildings in central Europe are discussed with a description of the materials and object types that are mostly infested and damaged. Some information on their phenology and biology are highlighted as they can be used in the IPM concept against them.
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