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Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense
Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Scienses, Saint-Petersburg 194223, Russia
Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji 611-0011, Japan
Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2013; in revised form: 20 October 2013 / Accepted: 22 October 2013 / Published: 4 November 2013
Abstract: Grooming is a well-recognized, multipurpose, behavior in arthropods and vertebrates. In this paper, we review the literature to highlight the physical function, neurophysiological mechanisms, and role that grooming plays in insect defense against pathogenic infection. The intricate relationships between the physical, neurological and immunological mechanisms of grooming are discussed to illustrate the importance of this behavior when examining the ecology of insect-pathogen interactions.
Keywords: grooming behavior; neural circuit; disease resistance; entomopathogen
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhukovskaya, M.; Yanagawa, A.; Forschler, B.T. Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense. Insects 2013, 4, 609-630.
Zhukovskaya M, Yanagawa A, Forschler BT. Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense. Insects. 2013; 4(4):609-630.
Zhukovskaya, Marianna; Yanagawa, Aya; Forschler, Brian T. 2013. "Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense." Insects 4, no. 4: 609-630.