Insects 2013, 4(4), 609-630; doi:10.3390/insects4040609

Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense

1 Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Scienses, Saint-Petersburg 194223, Russia 2 Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji 611-0011, Japan 3 Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2013; in revised form: 20 October 2013 / Accepted: 22 October 2013 / Published: 4 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Pathology)
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Abstract: Grooming is a well-recognized, multipurpose, behavior in arthropods and vertebrates. In this paper, we review the literature to highlight the physical function, neurophysiological mechanisms, and role that grooming plays in insect defense against pathogenic infection. The intricate relationships between the physical, neurological and immunological mechanisms of grooming are discussed to illustrate the importance of this behavior when examining the ecology of insect-pathogen interactions.
Keywords: grooming behavior; neural circuit; disease resistance; entomopathogen

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhukovskaya, M.; Yanagawa, A.; Forschler, B.T. Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense. Insects 2013, 4, 609-630.

AMA Style

Zhukovskaya M, Yanagawa A, Forschler BT. Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense. Insects. 2013; 4(4):609-630.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhukovskaya, Marianna; Yanagawa, Aya; Forschler, Brian T. 2013. "Grooming Behavior as a Mechanism of Insect Disease Defense." Insects 4, no. 4: 609-630.

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