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Two New Haplotypes of Bartonella sp. Isolated from Lipoptena fortisetosa (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) in SE Poland

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Chair and Department of Biology and Parasitology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Radziwiłłowska 11 St., 20-080 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Animal Ethology and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Animal Sciences and Bioeconomy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13 St., 20-950 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, Jedności 8 St., 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
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Department of Zoology and Genetics, Faculty of Biology, University of Bialystok, Ciołkowskiego 1J St., 15-245 Białystok, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Koichi Goka
Insects 2021, 12(6), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060485
Received: 2 May 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Insect Molecular Biology and Genomics)
Lipoptena fortisetosa is a hematophagous ectoparasite of game animals feeding accidentally on companion animals and humans. Since the presence of numerous pathogenic microorganisms has been described in this species, monitoring its geographic distribution is of great epidemiological importance. To the best of our knowledge, we present two new haplotypes of Bartonella sp. isolated from L. fortisetosa in south-eastern Poland and confirm the presence of this invasive species in Lublin Voivodeship since 2013.
Insects of the genus Lipoptena are parasitic arthropods with a broad host range. Due to the type of parasitism (hematophagy), their potential role as vectors of pathogens, i.e., Bartonella sp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia spp., and Borrelia burgdorferi is considered. As the range of their occurrence has been changing dynamically in recent years and infestations of humans have increasingly been reported, these organisms are now the subject of numerous studies. Our research aimed to present the molecular characteristics of Bartonella sp. detected in Lipoptena fortisetosa parasitizing wild cervids in south-eastern Poland. Adults of Lipoptena spp. were collected from carcasses of roe deer and red deer between spring and autumn in 2013. The PCR method was used to detect Bartonella sp. in the insects. We report two new haplotypes of the rpoB gene of Bartonella sp. isolated from L. fortisetosa feeding on wild cervids in south-eastern Poland and the presence of this invasive ectoparasitic species in the studied area since 2013. Phylogenetic analyses of newly obtained Bartonella sp. haplotypes confirmed their unique position on the constructed tree and network topology. The rpoB gene sequences found belonging to lineage B support the view that this phylogenetic lineage represents a novel Bartonella species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lipoptena sp.; deer keds; invasive species; Cervus elaphus; ectoparasites; wild cervids Lipoptena sp.; deer keds; invasive species; Cervus elaphus; ectoparasites; wild cervids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bartosik, K.; Maślanko, W.; Buczek, A.; Asman, M.; Witecka, J.; Szwaj, E.; Błaszkiewicz, P.S.; Świsłocka, M. Two New Haplotypes of Bartonella sp. Isolated from Lipoptena fortisetosa (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) in SE Poland. Insects 2021, 12, 485. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060485

AMA Style

Bartosik K, Maślanko W, Buczek A, Asman M, Witecka J, Szwaj E, Błaszkiewicz PS, Świsłocka M. Two New Haplotypes of Bartonella sp. Isolated from Lipoptena fortisetosa (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) in SE Poland. Insects. 2021; 12(6):485. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060485

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bartosik, Katarzyna, Weronika Maślanko, Alicja Buczek, Marek Asman, Joanna Witecka, Ewelina Szwaj, Paweł S. Błaszkiewicz, and Magdalena Świsłocka. 2021. "Two New Haplotypes of Bartonella sp. Isolated from Lipoptena fortisetosa (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) in SE Poland" Insects 12, no. 6: 485. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12060485

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